How-to Install Linux Gentoo 12.1 64bit KDE4 Desktop from LiveDVD to Hard-Drive Easy Visual-Guide

November 12th, 2012 by Regaz



The Guide Shows You How-to Install the Easy-Way for Linux Gentoo 2012.1 Amd64 KDE4 Desktop to Hard-Drive from the LiveDVD Hybrid x86-amd64 Release.

To Make the Entire Process Easier to Visualize and Retain the Post Includes the Basic Screenshots of the Essentials Steps Involved.

The content and details are expressly reduced to give Focus only to the Essentials Instructions and Commands and Make the Tut Easier to Understand ;)

gnomePenguin Gentoo
  1. Download Gentoo 12.1 x86-amd64:

    Gentoo 12.1 Hybrid Release
  2. Boot from Gentoo 12.1 Hybrid LiveDVD
  3. Disk Partitioning

    sudo su

    If Got “User is Not in Sudoers file” then Look: Solution

    parted /dev/sda

    (parted)

    mklabel msdos

    Making an extf2 /boot Partition of 256mb
    (parted)

    mkpart primary ext2 0 256mb

    When Prompted About Partition Allignment Just Answer ‘i’ for Ignore.

    Creating a Swap Partition of 1Gb
    (parted)

    mkpart primary linux-swap 256mb 1276mb

    Making an ext3 Root Partition the Rest of Disk
    (parted)

    mkpart primary ext3 1276mb -1s

    Then Quit parted:

    quit
  4. Applying FileSystems to Partitions

    Apply the extf2 FileSystem to /boot Partition

    mkfs.ext2 /dev/sda1

    Create and Activate the Swap

    mkswap /dev/sda2
    swapon /dev/sda2

    Apply the extf3 FileSystem to /Root Partition

    mkfs.ext3 /dev/sda3

    After the Partitions are Rightly Initialized and Housing a FileSystem :)

  5. Mounting Base Partitions
    mount /dev/sda3 /mnt/gentoo
    mkdir /mnt/gentoo/boot
    mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/gentoo/boot
  6. Copy LiveDVD to Hard-Drive
    eval `grep '^ROOT_' /usr/share/genkernel/defaults/initrd.defaults`
    cd /
    cp -avx /$ROOT_LINKS /mnt/gentoo

    If you Get a Warning About emule Missing Just Ignore and Follow to Next Step :)

    cp -avx /$ROOT_TREES /mnt/gentoo
    cp /etc/passwd /etc/group /mnt/gentoo/etc
  7. Mounting FileSystems and Entering the New Environment
  8. mkdir /mnt/gentoo/proc /mnt/gentoo/dev
    cd /mnt/gentoo/dev
    mknod -m 660 console c 5 1
    mknod -m 660 null c 1 3
    mount -t proc none /mnt/gentoo/proc
    mount -o bind /dev /mnt/gentoo/dev
    mkdir /mnt/gentoo/sys

    Now is Time to Entering the New Environment :)

    chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash

    If for some Reason you Need to Come Back to the Original Environement Execute ‘exit’ or Type ‘Ctrl-d’

    Updating you New-Environment

    env-update && source /etc/profile

    Latest Remove the autoconfig from default boot to Keep Password Setting over Reboot

    rc-update del autoconfig default
  9. Configuring the fstab File
    nano -w /etc/fstab

    Now if you Replicated the Partitioning Details you will Need to Insert:


    /dev/sda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
    /dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
    /dev/sda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
    /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
    proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
    shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
  10. Copy Kernel and Initramfs into /boot Partition
    mkdir -p /mnt/cdrom/

    Mount the LiveDVD into /mnt/cdrom

    mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom/

    Copying the Kernel

    cp /mnt/cdrom/boot/gentoo64 /boot/kernel64

    Copying the Initramfs

    cp /mnt/cdrom/boot/gentoo64.igz /boot/initramfs64
  11. Configuring and Installing Grub

    Make the grub Configuration File

    nano -w /boot/grub/grub.conf

    Insert


    default 0
    timeout 31
    title Gentoo Linux Amd64
    root (hd0,0)
    kernel /boot/kernel64 real_root=/dev/sda3
    initrd /boot/initramfs64

    Grub Set-Up

    grub
    grub> root (hd0,0)
    grub> setup (hd0)
    grub> quit
  12. Latest to Prevent Linux Gentoo Booting Issues Apply:

    Linux Gentoo Article-Installation Activation
  13. Finally You Can Boot Into Linux Gentoo 12.1 KDE4 Desktop :)
Linux Gentoo 2012 KDE 4 Desktop
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