How-to Install Oracle 11g R2 Database on Linux Mint 14 Nadia Cinnamon Easy Visual-Guide

April 5th, 2013 by Regaz
This is an Easy and Step-by-Step Guide to Install the Oracle 11g R2 Database on Linux Mint 14 Nadia 32/64bit Cinnamon Desktop.

Ubuntu-like Systems are Not in the List of Oracle 11g Database Supported OS So you should Be Careful and Use It At Most for Development and Not As Production Database Server!

The Guide Include All the Essentials Commands and Basic Screenshots of the Installation Process.

The Process is somewhat Extended and Advanced so it Demand some Basic Command Line Confidence.

Now Relax and Take the Time of Reading, Understanding and Executing Carefully the Instructions Contained here.

To the Article Bottom you Find Link to Oracle 11g Database Installation Troubleshooting Guides.

Metallic Oracle
  1. Download the Oracle 11g R2 Database:

    The Link Contains the List of Oracle 11g r2 Database Releases.
  2. Open a Terminal Window
    (Press “Enter” to Execute Commands)
    Linux Mint 14 Cinnamon Open Terminal
  3. Login as Root User
    su 

    If Got “User is Not in Sudoers file” then Look: Solution

  4. Make Network Configuration
    • Get hostname:
      hostname
    • Get IP:
      /sbin/ifconfig

      You will Find It Under the lo >> inet Section.

    • Check if Hostname is Already into the Enabled Hosts File.
      cat /etc/hosts

      If It’s Not Present then Insert it with:

      nano /etc/hosts

      Insert:

      Example: ‘127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain’

      Ctrl+Shift+v to Paste Content into nano
      Ctrl+x to Save and Exit
      from nano Editor :)

    • Grant Connection to X Server
      xhost +myIP

      Example: # xhost +127.0.0.1

  5. Install Prerequisite Packages
    apt-get install alien autoconf automake autotools-dev binutils doxygen 
    elfutils expat gawk gcc gcc-multilib g++-multilib ksh less libtiff4
    libtiff4-dev lib32z1 libaio1 libaio-dev libc6-dev libelf-dev libltdl-dev
    libmotif4 libodbcinstq4-1 libpth-dev libpthread-stubs0 libpthread-stubs0-dev
    libstdc++5 lsb-cxx make openssh-server pdksh rlwrap rpm sysstat unixodbc
    unixodbc-dev x11-utils zlibc
  6. Make Symlinks to Binaries
    ln -s /usr/bin/awk /bin/awk
    ln -s /usr/bin/rpm /bin/rpm
    ln -s /usr/bin/basename /bin/basename
  7. Add Groups and User
    groupadd -g 502 oinstall
    groupadd -g 503 dba
    groupadd -g 504 oper
    groupadd -g 505 asmadmin
    useradd -u 502 -g oinstall -G dba,asmadmin,oper -s /bin/bash -m oracle
    passwd oracle

    Take Note of the oracle User Pass :)

  8. Make Target Directories
    mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/
    chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
    chmod -R 775 /u01
  9. Parameters Configuration SetUp
    • Edit /etc/sysctl.conf file.
      nano /etc/sysctl.conf

      Then hit Ctrl+x to Save and Exit from nano EditorAdd or amend the following lines

      #### Oracle 11g Kernel Parameters ####
      fs.suid_dumpable = 1
      fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
      fs.file-max = 6815744
      kernel.shmall = 2097152
      kernel.shmmax = 536870912
      kernel.shmmni = 4096
      # semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni
      kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
      net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
      net.core.rmem_default=4194304
      net.core.rmem_max=4194304
      net.core.wmem_default=262144
      net.core.wmem_max=1048586

      Comment out these lines below that Gives an Error

      #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 0
      #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 0
      #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-arptables = 0
    • Edit /etc/security/limits.conf file.
      nano /etc/security/limits.conf

      Add the following lines

      #### oracle User Settings 4 Oracle 11g ####
      oracle soft nproc 2047
      oracle hard nproc 16384
      oracle soft nofile 1024
      oracle hard nofile 65536
      oracle soft stack 10240

    • Load the New Kernel Parameters.

      /sbin/sysctl -p
  10. Unzip, Set oracle as Owner and Relocate database
    cd </path/2>
    unzip linux_11gR2_database_1of2.zip
    unzip linux_11gR2_database_2of2.zip
    chown -R oracle:oinstall database
    mv database /tmp
  11. Add Paths to oracle’s .bashrc
    Login as Oracle
    su oracle

    Edit .bashrc file

    nano ~/.bashrc

    Insert:

    # Oracle Settings
    TMP=/tmp; export TMP
    TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR

    ORACLE_HOSTNAME=myHOSTNAME; export ORACLE_HOSTNAME
    ORACLE_UNQNAME=DB11G; export ORACLE_UNQNAME
    ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
    ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1; export ORACLE_HOME
    ORACLE_SID=dbSID; export ORACLE_SID

    PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH; export PATH
    PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH

    LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
    CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib; export CLASSPATH

    Replace [HOSTNAME] with IP and [DBSID] with SID Name
    In this Example Respectively:

    • HOSTNAME = 127.0.0.1
    • DBSID = SID

    Load New .bashrc Settings

    bash
    source ~/.bashrc
  12. Install the Oracle 11g Software
    cd /tmp/database
    ./runInstaller

    If you Get: “Check if the DISPLAY variable is set. Failed”. Look Link Below.

    Link2+ Oracle 11g Database Troubleshooting

    Linux Start Oracle 11g R2 Installation

    On the first screen If you Do Not Dispose of an Oracle Subscription Just Leave Blank eMail and Un-Check the Demand of Security Update Support then Click on Next
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 1 - Disabling Security Updates

    Then Confirm on Warning and Follow.
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation - Confirm on Missing eMail Warning

    On “Select Installation Option” Select “Install database software only” and Click on Next
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 2

    On Step 3 Leave Default “Single instance database install
    ation” and Click on Next
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 3

    On Step 4 Select your Language and Click on Next
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 4

    On Step 5 Leave Default Enterprise Edition and Click on Next
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 5

    On “Installation Location” Set All As Here Below and Click on Next

    • Oracle Base: /u01/app/oracle
    • Software Location: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1

    These are the Same Settings Inserted into the .bashrc File…

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 6

    On “Create Inventory” if you Setup the Path on .bashrc Like Here Leave Default and Click on Next
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 7

    On “Operating System Groups” if you Setup the Path on .bashrc Like Here Leave Default and Click on Next
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 8

    On “Prerequisite Checks” you will Get Easily a “Warning Message” about some Missing Requirements

    Just Check: “Ignore All” and Follow Up with Installation…

    Check Ignore All and Follow…

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Ubuntu-like Ignore All

    On the “Summary” Click on “Save Response File” to Take Note of Settings and then Click on Finish
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 10

    The Installation Product Procedure should Start…

  13. Troubleshooting Oracle 11g Db Libraries Linking Issues

    Oracle 11g Ubuntu-like Installation Error in Invoking Target Agent nmhs of makefile

  14. Execute Scripts

    Right Before the End of Process a Pop-Up Window will Show the Path to Two Configuration Scripts you Need to Execute on Terminal!

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 11

    Latest Oracle Should Confirm you of a Successful Installation! :) Linux Oracle 11g R2 Successfull Installation

  15. Create and Run a Listener for Oracle 11g
  16. Linux Penguin Oracle 11g
  17. Create an Oracle 11g Database
After you Should Access the “Enterprise Manager” on Browser by the URL shown on the Latest Screen.
On a Localhost for Example you Should Access the Enterprise Manager by the Address:
https://127.0.0.1:1158/em

And you can Login with:
User Name: SYS
Password: oracleDatabasePassword
From the Drop-down below Select >> Connect as SYSDBA
You Should be Able to Access the Database by the Enterprise Manager!

How-to Start and Stop All the Oracle 11g Database Components

  • Start the Oracle Listener, Database and Manager
    1. Login as Oracle User
      su oracle
    2. Start the Listner:
      lsnrctl start
    3. Start the Database process:
      sqlplus '/as sysdba'

      Insert YourOracleAccountPassword

      >>startup

      Wait until the database is Up!

      ORACLE instance started.
      ...
      Database opened.

      Exit from sqlplus

      >>exit
    4. Start Database Manager Console
      emctl start dbconsole
    5. Access the Oracle Database Manager on Browser
      https://127.0.0.1:1158/em
  • Stop the Oracle Database
    1. Stop the Database process:
      sqlplus '/as sysdba'
      >>shutdown immediate
      >>exit
    2. Stop the Listner:
      lsnrctl stop

If you have Multiple Oracle Databases Before to Start a New one you have to Set the Database SID:

export ORACLE_SID=[DBSID]

Oracle 11g Database Troubleshooting Guides

Enjoy this “Step by Step” Clear Installation and Getting Started…
Good Luck! :)

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