How-to Install Apache Hadoop for Lubuntu 13.10 Saucy Linux 32/64bit Desktop

February 17th, 2014 by thelinuxevangelist

Install Hadoop for Lubuntu 13.10 Saucy 32/64bit




The Tutorial Shows You Step-by-Step How-to Install and Getting-Started with Apache Hadoop/Map-Reduce vanilla in Pseudo-Distributed mode on Linux Lubuntu 13.10 Saucy i386/amd64 Desktop.

Hadoop is an open source framework for writing and running distributed applications that process Big Data (large amounts of data).

Apache Hadoop Key Features:

  • Accessible: Hadoop runs on large clusters of commodity machines or on cloud computing services such as Amazon’s Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2).
  • Robust: Because it is intended to run on commodity hardware, Hadoop is architected with the assumption of frequent hardware malfunctions. It can gracefully handle most such failures.
  • Scalable: Hadoop scales linearly to handle larger data by adding more nodes to the cluster.
  • Simple: Hadoop allows users to quickly write efficient parallel code.

The Guide Describe a System-Wide Installation with Root Privileges but You Can Easily Convert the Procedure to a Local One.

The Content and Details are Expressly Reduced to Give Focus Only to the Essentials Instructions and Commands.

Install Hadoop on Lubuntu 13.10 Saucy 32/64bit - Featured

  1. Download Latest Apache Hadoop Stable Release:

    Apache Hadoop Binary tar.gz

  2. Double-Click on Archive and Extract into /tmp
    Linux Xubuntu Hadoop Archive Extraction
  3. Open Terminal Window

    Install Hadoop on Lubuntu 13.10 Saucy 32/64bit - Lubuntu Open Terminal

  4. Relocate Apache Hadoop Directory
    sudo su

    If Got “User is Not in Sudoers file” then Look: Solution

    mv /tmp/hadoop* /usr/local/
    ln -s /usr/local/hadoop* /usr/local/hadoop
    mkdir /usr/local/hadoop/tmp
    chown -R root:root /usr/local/hadoop*
  5. How-to Install Oracle Official Java JDK on Lubuntu:

    Install Oracle JDK for Lubuntu
  6. Set JAVA_HOME in Hadoop Env File
    nano /usr/local/hadoop/conf/hadoop-env.sh

    Inserts:

    export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/<oracleJdkVersion>

    Ctrl+x to Save & Exit :)

  7. Configuration for Pseudo-Distributed mode
    nano /usr/local/hadoop/conf/core-site.xml

    The Content Should Look Like:

    <?xml version=”1.0″?>
    <?xml-stylesheet type=”text/xsl” href=”configuration.xsl”?>
    <configuration>
    <property>
    <name>hadoop.tmp.dir</name>
    <value>/usr/local/hadoop/tmp</value>
    </property>
    <property>
    <name>fs.default.name</name>
    <value>hdfs://localhost:8020</value>
    </property>
    </configuration>

    Next:

    nano /usr/local/hadoop/conf/hdfs-site.xml

    The Content Should Look Like:

    <?xml version=”1.0″?>
    <?xml-stylesheet type=”text/xsl” href=”configuration.xsl”?>
    <configuration>
    <property>
    <name>dfs.replication</name>
    <value>1</value>
    </property>
    <property>
    <!– specify this so that running ‘hadoop namenode -format’
    formats the right dir –>
    <name>dfs.name.dir</name>
    <value>/usr/local/hadoop/cache/hadoop/dfs/name</value>
    </property>
    </configuration>

    Latest:

    nano /usr/local/hadoop/conf/mapred-site.xml

    The Content Should Look Like:

    <?xml version=”1.0″?>
    <?xml-stylesheet type=”text/xsl” href=”configuration.xsl”?>
    <configuration>
    <property>
    <name>mapred.job.tracker</name>
    <value>localhost:8021</value>
    </property>
    </configuration>

  8. SetUp Path & Environment
    su <myuser>
    cd $HOME
    nano .bashrc

    Inserts:

    HADOOP_HOME=/usr/local/hadoop
    export PATH=$PATH:$HADOOP_HOME/bin:$HADOOP_HOME/sbin

    The JAVA_HOME is Set Following Oracle Java JDK6+ Installation Version…

    Then Load New Setup:

    source $HOME/.bashrc
  9. SetUp Needed Local SSH Connection
    sudo su -c "openssh-server"

    Generate SSH Keys to Access:

    ssh-keygen -b 2048 -t rsa
    cp ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub ~/.ssh/authorized_keys

    Testing Connection:

    ssh 127.0.0.1
  10. Formatting HDFS
    hadoop namenode -format

    Install Hadoop on Lubuntu 13.10 Saucy 32/64bit - Terminal Hadoop HDFS Formatting Succcess

  11. Starting Up Hadoop Database
    start-all.sh
  12. Apache Hadoop Database Quick-Start Guide:

    Hadoop MapReduce Quick-Start
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