Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty How-to Share Files Over Network with Nfs4 from Server to Client

February 25th, 2014 by thelinuxevangelist

Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Nfs4 File Sharing Over Network SetUp




The Tutorial Shows You Step-by-Step How-to SetUp Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr i386/amd64 to Share Files Over Network with Nfs4 from a Server to Local or Remote Clients.

This same Ubuntu File Sharing Over Network SetUp will Works for a Network Composed from All Debian/Ubuntu Based Systems.

With this SetUp You will be Able to Sharing Files Over Network with Nfs4 on Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty.

The “rpcbind” Package have Replaced the Old “portmap” and “nfs-kernel-server” Service the Precedent “nfs-common” one.

Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty How-to Share Files Over Network - Featured
  1. Server Side SetUp
    1. Open a Terminal Window
      (Press “Enter” to Execute Commands)
    2. Install Required Packages
      sudo su
      apt-get update
      apt-get install nfs-kernel-server rpcbind nfs-common
    3. Make Configuration
      1. Configure rpcbind
        nano /etc/default/rpcbind

        Inserts:

        OPTIONS=""

        Ctrl+x to Save & Exit from nano Editor.

        Then:

        nano /etc/hosts.allow

        For Example on a Local Network Append:

        portmap: 192.168.1.

        In this Example Allow 192.168.1.0/24 to be Accessed on Network.

      2. Configure idmapd
        nano /etc/default/nfs-common

        Inserts:

        NEED_IDMAPD=YES

        Then:

        nano /etc/idmapd.conf

        The Content should Correspond to:

        						[General]
        						Verbosity = 0
        						Pipefs-Directory = /var/lib/nfs/rpc_pipefs
        						Domain = localdomain
         
        						[Mapping]
        						Nobody-User = nobody
        						Nobody-Group = nogroup
        					
      3. Configure NFS
        nano /etc/exports

        Append something Like:

        /exports  192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0(rw,no_root_squash,no_subtree_check,crossmnt,fsid=0)
    4. Make and Bind the Sharing Directories
      mkdir -p /exports/home

      Then to Bind Your home to /exports/home do:

      cd /exports
      mount --bind /home ./home

      To have this SetUp Loaded on Boot Edit fstab:

      nano /etc/fstab

      Appending like in Example:

      /home /exports/home none bind
    5. StartUp server File Sharing over Network Services
      /etc/init.d/nfs-kernel-server start
      /etc/init.d/rpcbind start
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  3. Client Side SetUp
    1. Open a Terminal Window
      (Press “Enter” to Execute Commands)
    2. Install Required Packages
      sudo su
      apt-get update
      apt-get install nfs-common rpcbind
    3. How to Mount the Sharing Directories on the Client

      NfsV4 Mount Command
  4. So After this SetUp a Portion of Your Choice on the Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty File Sharing Server will be Shared with the Enabled Ubuntu/Debian Based Clients on Network.

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