How-to Set-Change Ownership on Files and Directories by the Command Line on Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty LTS Linux

October 15th, 2014 by thelinuxevangelist

Ubuntu Linux Setting Ownership on Ubuntu Linux



The Linux Tutorial Shows You Step-by-step How-to Setup or Change the Ownership over Files and Directories on Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty Tahr LTS Linux.

The Ownership Decide How is the Owner of Files and Directories on the Ubuntu Linux File System.

To Set the Ownership Over Files and Directories is the First Step in Setting Up Permissions and so Establish a Control and Security over the System.

To Follow the Tutorial You will Need to have a Little Practice to Work on the Ubuntu Linux Console Terminal Command Line.

Setting Ownership on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS File System - Featured
  1. Open Terminal Console Window
    Ctr+Alt+t
    (Press “Enter” to Execute Commands)

    How-to Set/Change Ownership on Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty LTS Files/Directories - Featured
  2. How-to Quick-Start with Command Line on Ubuntu:

    Ubuntu Console Quick-Start
  3. Who Can Set/Change the Ownership?

    Only the Administrators or a Super-User Can Change a File/Directory Ownership!

  4. How to Set/Change the Ownership?

    • To Set/Change Ownership Over a Single File/Directory:

      sudo su -c "chown myUser:myGroup myEntity"

      For Instance:

      mkdir -p $HOME/hello/world

      Now to Give the ‘world’ Directory to the ‘root’ User do:

      sudo su -c "chown root:root $HOME/hello/world"

      Checking Ownership:

      ls -l $HOME/hello
    • To Set/Change Permissions Recursively Over a Directory and it’s Content (Subdirectories and Files):

      sudo su -c "chown -R myUser:myGroup myEntity"

      For Instance:

      sudo su -c "touch $HOME/hello/world/happy"

      Checking Ownership:

      ls -l $HOME/hello $$ ls -l $HOME/hello/world

      Now to Get Back the ‘world’ Directory with the ‘happy’ File:)

      sudo su -c "chown -R myUser:myUser $HOME/hello/world"

      Check Ownership like Above…

  5. How-to Set Permissions on Ubuntu File System:

    Ubuntu Permissions Quick-Start
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