How-to Install Oracle 11g R2 Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit Easy Guide

March 2nd, 2015 by thelinuxevangelist

Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database for Linux Mint 17.1 LTS



The Linux Tutorial Shows You Step-by-Step and Visually How-to Install and Getting-Started on Oracle 11g R2 Database for Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS Amd64 GNU Mate/Cinnamon/Kde/Xfce Desktop.

Ubuntu-like Systems are Not in the List of Oracle 11g Database Supported OS So you should Be Careful and Use It At Most for Development and Not As Production Database Server!

The Guide Include All the Essentials Commands and Basic Screenshots of the Installation Process.

The Process is somewhat Extended and Advanced so it Demand some Basic Command Line Practice and Confidence.

Now Relax and Take the Time of Reading, Understanding and Executing Carefully the Instructions Contained here.

Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Featured
  1. Download the Oracle 11g R2 Database for Linux:
    Oracle 11g R2 .zip for Linux
    The Link Contains the List of Oracle 11g r2 Database Releases.

  2. Open a Terminal Shell Emulator
    (Press “Enter” to Execute Commands)

    Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Open Terminal
  3. Login as Root User
    sudo su

    If Got “User is Not in Sudoers file” then Look: Solution

  4. Make Network Configuration

    • Get hostname:
      hostname
    • Get IP:
      /sbin/ifconfig

      You will Find It Under the lo >> inet Section.

    • Check if Hostname is Already into the Enabled Hosts File.

      cat /etc/hosts

      If It’s Not Present then Insert it with:

      nano /etc/hosts

      Insert:

      [myIP] [myHostname]

      Example: ‘127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain’

      Ctrl+Shift+v to Paste Content into nano
      Ctrl+x to Save and Exit
      from nano Editor :)

    • Grant Connection to X Server

      xhost +myIP

      Example: # xhost +127.0.0.1

  5. Install Prerequisite Packages

    apt-get update
    apt-get install alien autoconf automake autotools-dev binutils doxygen \
    elfutils expat gawk gcc gcc-multilib g++-multilib libstdc++6:i386 ksh less libtiff4 \
    libtiff4-dev lib32z1 libaio1 libaio-dev libc6-dev libc6-dev-i386 libc6-i386 \
    libelf-dev libltdl-dev libmotif4 libodbcinstq4-1 libodbcinstq4-1:i386 \
    libpthread-stubs0 libpth-dev libstdc++5 lsb-cxx make \
    pdksh openssh-server rlwrap rpm sysstat unixodbc unixodbc-dev x11-utils \
    zlibc libglapi-mesa:i386 libglu1-mesa:i386 libqt4-opengl:i386 \
    libpthread-workqueue0 libpthread-workqueue-dev libzthread-2.3-2 libzthread-dev \
    libpthread-stubs0-dev

    How-to Install libtiff4, libtiff4-dev and libpthread-stubs0: Here.

  6. Make Symlinks to Binaries and Libraries

    Linking Binaries

    ln -s /usr/bin/awk /bin/awk
    ln -s /usr/bin/rpm /bin/rpm
    ln -s /usr/bin/basename /bin/basename

    Linking Libraries

    ln -s /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu /usr/lib64
    cd /lib64
    ln -s /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/libgcc_s.so.1 .
  7. Add Groups and User

    groupadd -g 502 oinstall
    groupadd -g 503 dba
    groupadd -g 504 oper
    groupadd -g 505 asmadmin
    useradd -u 502 -g oinstall -G dba,asmadmin,oper -s /bin/bash -m oracle
    passwd oracle

    Take Note of the oracle User Pass :)

  8. Make Target Directories
    mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/
    chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
    chmod -R 775 /u01
  9. Parameters Configuration SetUp

    • Edit /etc/sysctl.conf file.

      nano /etc/sysctl.conf

      Then hit Ctrl+x to Save and Exit from nano Editor
      Add or amend the following lines

      #### Oracle 11g Kernel Parameters ####
      fs.suid_dumpable = 1
      fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
      fs.file-max = 6815744
      kernel.shmall = 2097152
      kernel.shmmax = 536870912
      kernel.shmmni = 4096
      # semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni
      kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
      net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
      net.core.rmem_default=4194304
      net.core.rmem_max=4194304
      net.core.wmem_default=262144
      net.core.wmem_max=1048586
      

      If Exists then Comment out these lines below that Gives an Error

      #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 0
      #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 0
      #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-arptables = 0
      
    • Edit /etc/security/limits.conf file.

      nano /etc/security/limits.conf

      Add the following lines

      #### oracle User Settings 4 Oracle 11g ####
      oracle       soft  nproc  2047
      oracle       hard  nproc  16384
      oracle       soft  nofile 1024
      oracle       hard  nofile 65536
      oracle       soft  stack  10240
      
    • Load the New Kernel Parameters.

      /sbin/sysctl -p
  10. Unzip, Set oracle as Owner and Relocate database

    cd /home/[myUser]/Downloads
    unzip linux_11gR2_database_1of2.zip
    unzip linux_11gR2_database_2of2.zip
    chown -R oracle:oinstall database
    mv database /tmp
  11. Add Paths to oracle’s .bashrc

    Login as Oracle

    su oracle

    Edit .bashrc file

    nano ~/.bashrc

    Insert:


    # Oracle Settings
    TMP=/tmp; export TMP
    TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR
    ORACLE_HOSTNAME=[HOSTNAME]; export ORACLE_HOSTNAME
    ORACLE_UNQNAME=DB11G; export ORACLE_UNQNAME
    ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
    ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1; export ORACLE_HOME
    ORACLE_SID=[DBSID]; export ORACLE_SID
    PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH; export PATH
    PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH
    LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib:/usr/lib64; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
    CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib; export CLASSPATH
    

    Replace [HOSTNAME] with IP and [DBSID] with SID Name

    In this Example Respectively:

    • HOSTNAME = 127.0.0.1
    • DBSID = SID

    Load New .bashrc Settings

    source ~/.bashrc
  12. Install the Oracle 11g Software

    cd /tmp/database
    chmod -R +x /tmp/database
    ./runInstaller

    If Got Display Not Set Look:

    Oracle 12c DB Troubleshooting
  13. Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Linux Start Oracle 11g R2 Installation

    On the first screen Just Leave eMail Blank and Un-Check the Demand of Security Update Support then Click on Next

    Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 1 - Disabling Security Updates

    Then Confirm on Warning and Follow.
    Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation - Confirm on Missing eMail Warning

    On “Select Installation Option” Select “Install database software only” and Click on Next

    Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 2

    On Step 3 Leave Default “Single instance database installation” and Click on Next

    Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 3

    On Step 4 Select your Language and Click on Next

    Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 4

    On Step 5 Leave Default Enterprise Edition and Click on Next

    Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 5

    On “Installation Location” Set All As Here Below and Click on Next

    • Oracle Base: /u01/app/oracle
    • Software Location: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1

    These are the Same Settings Inserted into the .bashrc File…

    Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 6

    On “Create Inventory” if you Setup the Path on .bashrc Like Here Leave Default and Click on Next

    Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 7

    On “Operating System Groups” if you Setup the Path on .bashrc Like Here Leave Default and Click on Next

    Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 8

    On “Prerequisite Checks” you will Get Easily a “Warning Message” about some Missing Requirements

    Just Check: “Ignore All” and Follow Up with Installation…

    Check Ignore All and Follow…

    Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Lubuntu-like Ignore All

    On the “Summary” Click on “Save Response File” to Take Note of Settings and then Click on Finish

    Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 10

    The Installation Product Procedure should Start…

  14. Solving Errors in invoking target ‘install’ & ‘agent nmhs’:

    Troubleshooting for Libraries Linking Errors

    Oracle 11g Lubuntu-like Installation Error in Invoking Target Agent nmhs of makefile

  15. Execute Scripts

    Right Before the End of Process a Pop-Up Window will Show the Path to Two Configuration Scripts you Need to Execute on Terminal!

    Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 11

    Next Oracle Should Confirm you of the Successful Installation Achivement.) Getting-Started with Oracle 11g Database on Linux Mint 17.1 Rebecca LTS 64bit - Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 12

  16. How-to Create an Oracle 11g Database Instance:

    Oracle 11g Database Guide
After you Should Access the “Enterprise Manager” on Browser by the URL shown on the Latest Screen.
On a Localhost for Example you Should Access the Enterprise Manager by the Address:
https://127.0.0.1:1158/em

And you can Login with:
User Name: SYS

Password: oracleDatabasePassword

From the Drop-down below Select >> Connect as SYSDBA

You Should be Able to Access the Database by the Enterprise Manager!

How Managing, Start & Stop Oracle 11g R2 Database by SQLPlus Commands

How-to Getting-Started with SQLPlus for Oracle 11g DB:

SQLPlus Oracle 11g Quick-Start

Oracle 11g Database Troubleshooting Guides

Enjoy this “Step by Step” Clear Installation and Getting Started…
Good Luck! :)

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