How-to Quick-Start with Bash Commands on Ubuntu 16.04

December 8th, 2016 by thelinuxevangelist

Terminal Commands Quick-Start for Ubuntu 16.04




Hello Ubuntu User! This Tutorial Shows You Step-by-step How-to Getting-Started with the Bash Commands on Ubuntu 16.04 Xenial Xerus GNU/Linux.

First of all this is Just a ‘Quick and Dirty’ Introduction to the Command Line Basic Instructions on the Console/Terminal Bash Shell emulator.

Most noteworthy: this Tutorial is Step-by-Step and You Can Just Getting-Started Following and Executing each Command without any Harm for Your System :)

Furthermore take into account how only the ‘Practice Makes the Master‘; so ‘Take it Easy!‘ ;)

Finally most Commands should Works also on the others Linux Shells like: Bourne, C, TC and Korn.

How-to Quick-Start with Bash Commands on Ubuntu 16.04 - Featured
  1. Launching Ubuntu Terminal

    Press: Ctrl+Alt+t
    Or: Cmd/Win and Search ‘terminal’
    Press “Enter” to Execute Commands on Console

    How-to Quick-Start with Bash Commands on Ubuntu 16.04 - open terminal



  2. To List a Directory’s Contents

    (Directories and Files included)

    ls [/path]

    For Example to List the Content of the Root Directory:

    ls /

    Or to List the Content of the Home Directory:

    ls $HOME



  3. To Change Directory

    cd [/path]

    For Example to Go into the Home Directory:

    cd $HOME
  4. To Make Directories and Files

    To Create a Directory do:

    mkdir [/path]/myDirectory

    For Instance:

    mkdir $HOME/test

    To Create a Blank File do:

    touch [/path]/myFile

    For Instance:

    touch $HOME/test/test



  5. To Copy Directories and Files

    To Copy a Single File:

    cp [/path]/myFile1 [/path]/toTargetDirectory/myEventualNewFileName

    (After a ‘\’ to Press ‘Enter’ the Command is Not Executed but instead only a ‘Carriage Return’ Like in a Typewriter)
    To Copy Multiple Files:

    cp [/path]/myFile1 ... [/path]/myFileN \
    [/path]/toTargetDirectory/

    For Instance to Copy a Single File:

    cp $HOME/test/test $HOME/test/hello 

    To Copy a Single Directory:

    cp -r [/path]/myDirectory1 [/path]/toTargetDirectory/myEventualDirectoryName

    To Copy Multiple Directories:

    cp -r [/path]/myDirectory1 ... [/path]/myDirectoryN \
    [/path]/toTargetDirectory/

    Now for Instance to Copy a Single Directory do:

    cp -r $HOME/test $HOME/hello
  6. To Move Directories and Files

    Moving a Single File:

    mv [/path]/myFile1 [/path]/toTargetDirectory/myEventualNewFileName

    To Move Multiple Files:

    mv [/path]/myFile1 ... [/path]/myFileN \
    [/path]/toTargetDirectory/

    The Same Command is Valid Also for Directories!

    Now for Instance to Move a Single File do:

    mv $HOME/test/test $HOME/hello/hello
  7. To Delete Directories and Files

    To Delete a File do:

    rm [/path]/myFile

    For Instance:

    rm $HOME/test/test

    Removing a Directory do:

    rm -rf [/path]/myDirectory

    For Instance:

    rm -rf $HOME/test
  8. How-to Get the Admin Super-Powers

    To Login as SuperUser:

    sudo su

    If Got “User is Not in Sudoers file” then Look: Solution

    To Logout from SuperUser:

    exit

    (To Protect Your System from the possible Damages of an Hazardous ‘Crazy’ Command Execution the Logout ‘Should’ be Executed Every Time a Conscious and Meaningful Series of Commands has been Achieved… )
    To Execute a Command as SuperUser:

    sudo su -c 'myCommand'

    Or:

    sudo myCommand
  9. How-to Set Permissions on Ubuntu File System:

    Ubuntu Permissions Quick-Start
  10. Here is achieved the ‘Quick&Dirty’ Initiation to the Ubuntu Command Line Sphere :)
    I’ll be Back Very Soon to Show the Basics of the Apt Software Packages and Repository Administration Commands!

(Visited 19 times, 1 visits today)
Share on Tumblr

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,


Comments are disabled