How-to Install and Manage by SQLPlus the Oracle 11g Database for Fedora 17 Easy Visual-Guide

September 26th, 2012 by Regaz
This is an Easy and Step-by-Step Guide to Install the Oracle 11g R2 Database on Fedora 17 and Manage Instance by SQLPlus Commands

The Guide Include All Basic Details, Command and Screenshots of Fundamental Processes.

Relax and Take the Time to Reading, Understanding and Executing Carefully the Instructions Contained here.
Red Hat Oracle
  1. Download the Oracle 11g R2 Database:

    The Link Contains the List of Oracle 11g r2 Database Releases.
  2. Open a Terminal Window
    (Press “Enter” to Execute Commands)
  3. Login as SuperUser:
    su 

    If Got “User is Not in Sudoers file” then Look: Solution

  4. Make Network Configuration

    Check you hostname and IP is on /etc/hosts

    Get your hostname:

    hostname

    Get your IP:

    You will Find your Ip under the Output “lo” Section.

    /sbin/ifconfig

    Check if Hostname and IP are already inserted into the Enabled Hosts File.

    cat /etc/hosts

    If It’s Not Present then Insert it!

    nano /etc/hosts

    Insert:

    Example: ‘127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost’

    Add you Host IP to the List of Hosts Granted of Connection with the X Server

    xhost +yourIP

    Example: #xhost +127.0.0.1

  5. Install dependencies
    yum install binutils glibc compat-libstdc++-33 glibc-common 
    glibc-devel glibc-headers elfutils-libelf elfutils-libelf-devel
    elfutils gcc gcc-c++ ksh libaio libaio-devel libgcc libstdc++-devel
    make numactl-devel sysstat mksh unixODBC unixODBC-devel
  6. Add Groups and User
    groupadd -g 502 oinstall
    groupadd -g 503 dba
    groupadd -g 504 oper
    groupadd -g 505 asmadmin

    useradd -u 502 -g oinstall -G dba,asmadmin,oper -s /bin/bash -m oracle
    passwd oracle

    Take Note of the oracle User Pass :)

  7. Create the directories where Oracle will be installed and give right ownership and permission
    mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/
    chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
    chmod -R 775 /u01
  8. Set Kernel’s Parameters
    nano /etc/sysctl.conf

    Then hit Ctrl+x to Save and Exit from nano EditorAdd or amend the following lines in the /etc/sysctl.conf file.

    #### Oracle 11g Kernel Parameters ####
    fs.suid_dumpable = 1
    fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
    fs.file-max = 6815744
    kernel.shmall = 2097152
    kernel.shmmax = 536870912
    kernel.shmmni = 4096
    # semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni
    kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
    net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500
    net.core.rmem_default=4194304
    net.core.rmem_max=4194304
    net.core.wmem_default=262144
    net.core.wmem_max=1048586

    Comment out these lines below than give an error

    #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 0
    #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 0
    #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-arptables = 0

    nano /etc/security/limits.conf

    Add the following lines to the /etc/security/limits.conf file.

    #### oracle User Settings 4 Oracle 11g ####
    oracle soft nproc 2047
    oracle hard nproc 16384
    oracle soft nofile 1024
    oracle hard nofile 65536
    oracle soft stack 10240

    nano /etc/selinux/config

    Disable Secure Linux by editing the /etc/selinux/config file, making sure the SELINUX flag is set as follows.

    SELINUX=disabled

    Run the following command to Load the New Kernel Parameters.

    /sbin/sysctl -p
  9. Unzip the Oracle 11g Database, Set oracle as Owner and Move it into the oracle’s Home
    cd </path/2>
    unzip linux_11gR2_database_1of2.zip
    unzip linux_11gR2_database_2of2.zip
    chown -R oracle:oinstall database
    mv database /home/oracle
  10. Add Paths to Oracle’s .bashrc
    Login as Oracle
    su oracle

    Edit .bashrc file

    nano /home/oracle/.bashrc

    Insert:

    # Oracle Settings
    TMP=/tmp; export TMP
    TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR

    ORACLE_HOSTNAME=myHOSTNAME; export ORACLE_HOSTNAME
    ORACLE_UNQNAME=DB11G; export ORACLE_UNQNAME
    ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
    ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1; export ORACLE_HOME
    ORACLE_SID=dbSID; export ORACLE_SID

    PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH; export PATH
    PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH

    LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
    CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib; export CLASSPATH

    Replace [HOSTNAME] with IP and [DBSID] with SID Name
    In this Example Respectively:

    • HOSTNAME = 127.0.0.1
    • DBSID = SID
  11. Install the Oracle 11g Software
    cd /home/oracle/database
    ./runInstaller

    If you Get: “Check if the DISPLAY variable is set. Failed”. Look Link Below.

    Link2+ Oracle 11g Database Troubleshooting

    Linux Start Oracle 11g R2 Installation

    On the first screen If you Do Not Dispose of an Oracle Subscription Just Leave Blank eMail and Un-Check the Demand of Security Update Support then Click on Next

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 1 - Disabling Security Updates

    Then Confirm on Warning and Follow.

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation - Confirm on Missing eMail Warning

    On “Select Installation Option” Select “Install database software only” and Click on Next
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 2

    On Step 3 Leave Default “Single instance database installation” and Click on Next
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 3

    On Step 4 Select your Language and Click on Next
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 4

    On Step 5 Leave Default Enterprise Edition and Click on Next
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 5

    On “Installation Location” Set All As Here Below and Click on Next

    • Oracle Base: /u01/app/oracle
    • Software Location: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1

    These are the Same Settings Inserted into the .bash_pr
    ofile
    File…

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 6

    On “Create Inventory” if you Setup the Path on .bashrc Like Here Leave Default and Click on Next
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 7

    On “Operating System Groups” if you Setup the Path on .bashrc Like Here Leave Default and Click on Next
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 8

    On “Prerequisite Checks” you will Get Easily a “Warning Message” about some Missing Requirements

    Just Check: “Ignore All” and Follow Up with Installation…

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 9

    On the “Summary” Click on “Save Response File” to Take Note of Settings and then Click on Finish
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 10

    The Installation Product Procedure should Start…

  12. Solve Error in invoking target agent nmhfs of makefile

    Oracle 11g Error in Invoking Target Agent nmhs of makefileLinux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 11
    Right Before the End of Process a Pop-Up Window will Show the Path to Two Configuration Scripts you Need to Execute on Terminal!

    Latest Oracle Should Confirm you of a Successful Installation End.) Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 12

  13. How-to Create and Run an Oracle 11g Listener:

    Oracle 11g DB Listener Guide
  14. Linux Penguin Oracle 11g
  15. Create an Oracle 11g Database
After you Should Access the “Enterprise Manager” on Browser by the URL shown on the Latest Screen.
On a Localhost for Example you Should Access the Enterprise Manager by the Address:

https://127.0.0.1:1158/em

And you can Login with:
User Name: SYS
Password: oracleDatabasePassword
From the Drop-down below Select >> Connect as SYSDBA
You Should be Able to Access the Database by the Enterprise Manager!

How Managing, Start & Stop Oracle 11g R2 Database by SQLPlus Commands
SQLPlus Oracle 11g DB Quick-Start

Oracle 11g Database Troubleshooting Guides

Enjoy this “Step by Step” Clear Installation and Getting Started…
Good Luck! :)

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , ,