How to Install and Getting Started on Oracle 11g R2 Database for Linux Ubuntu 12.04 Precise 64-bit Easy Visual-Guide

April 5, 2013 | By Duchateaux.

Getting-Started with Oracle 11g DB for Ubuntu 12.04 Precise 64-bit

You are Welcome! The Tutorial shows you Step-by-Step How to Install the Oracle 11g R2 x8664 Database on Ubuntu Linux 12.04 Precise Pangolin Amd64 Unity Desktop.

Especially relevant: Ubuntu-like Systems are Not in the List of Oracle 11g Database Supported OS So you should Be Careful and Use it at most for Development and Not As Production Database Server!

The Guide Includes All the Essentials Commands and Basic Screenshots of the Installation Process.

The Process is somewhat Extended and Advanced so it Demand some Basic Command Line Confidence.

Now Relax and Take the Time of Reading, Understanding and Executing Carefully the Instructions Contained here.

Metallic Oracle
  1. Download the Oracle 11g R2 Database for Linux:

    Oracle 11g R2 .zip for Mint

    The Link Contains the List of Oracle 11g r2 Database Releases.

  2. Open Terminal Window
    (Press “Enter” to Execute Commands)

    Ubuntu Linux Open Terminal

  3. Login as Root User

    sudo su

    If Got “User is Not in Sudoers file” then see: How to Enable sudo

  4. Make Network Configuration

    • Get hostname:


    • Get IP:


      You will Find It Under the lo >> inet Section.

    • Check if Hostname is Already into the Enabled Hosts File.

      cat /etc/hosts

      If It’s Not Present then Insert it with:

      nano /etc/hosts


      [myIP] [myHostname]

      Example: ‘ localhost.localdomain’

      Ctrl+Shift+v to Paste Content on nano
      Ctrl+x to Save and Exit
      from nano Editor :)

    • Grant Connection to X Server

      xhost +myIP

      Example: # xhost +

  5. Install Prerequisite Packages

    apt-get update
    apt-get install alien autoconf automake autotools-dev binutils doxygen 
    elfutils expat gawk gcc gcc-multilib g++-multilib ia32-libs ksh less libtiff4 
    libtiff4-dev lib32z1 libaio1 libaio-dev libc6-dev libc6-dev-i386 libc6-i386 
    libelf-dev libltdl-dev libmotif4 libodbcinstq4-1 libodbcinstq4-1:i386 
    libpthread-stubs0 libpth-dev libpthread-stubs0-dev libstdc++5 lsb-cxx make 
    pdksh openssh-server rlwrap rpm sysstat unixodbc unixodbc-dev x11-utils 
    zlibc libglapi-mesa:i386 libglu1-mesa:i386 libqt4-opengl:i386

  6. Make Symlinks to Binaries and Libraries

    Linking Binaries

    ln -s /usr/bin/awk /bin/awk
    ln -s /usr/bin/rpm /bin/rpm
    ln -s /usr/bin/basename /bin/basename

    Linking Libraries

    ln -s /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu /usr/lib64
    cd /lib64
    ln -s /lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/ .
  7. Add Groups and User

    groupadd -g 502 oinstall
    groupadd -g 503 dba
    groupadd -g 504 oper
    groupadd -g 505 asmadmin
    useradd -u 502 -g oinstall -G dba,asmadmin,oper -s /bin/bash -m oracle
    passwd oracle

    Take Note of the oracle User Pass :)

  8. Make Target Directories

    mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/
    chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01
    chmod -R 775 /u01

  9. Parameters Configuration SetUp

    • Edit /etc/sysctl.conf file.

      nano /etc/sysctl.conf

      Then hit Ctrl+x to Save and Exit from nano Editor
      Add or amend the following lines

      #### Oracle 11g Kernel Parameters ####
      fs.suid_dumpable = 1
      fs.aio-max-nr = 1048576
      fs.file-max = 6815744
      kernel.shmall = 818227
      kernel.shmmax = 4189323264
      kernel.shmmni = 4096
      kernel.panic_on_oops = 1
      # semaphores: semmsl, semmns, semopm, semmni
      kernel.sem = 250 32000 100 128
      net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 9000 65500

      The Values of ‘shmall’ and ‘shmmax’ Need to be Customized following your System Memory Size.
      Here above is a Valid Setup for a 8Gb RAM Size!
      If you need to Change first Check your Phisical Memory Size with:

      cat /proc/meminfo | grep MemTotal

      Then ‘shmall’ should be Set as:

      [RamKb] / 10

      And instead ‘shmmax’ as:

      [RamKb] * 1024 / 2

      For further Instructions See Oracle Documentation

      If Exists then Comment out these lines below that Gives an Error

      #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-ip6tables = 0
      #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-iptables = 0
      #net.bridge.bridge-nf-call-arptables = 0

    • Edit /etc/security/limits.conf file.

      nano /etc/security/limits.conf

      Add the following lines

      #### oracle User Settings 4 Oracle 11g ####
      oracle       soft  nproc  2047
      oracle       hard  nproc  16384
      oracle       soft  nofile 1024
      oracle       hard  nofile 65536
      oracle       soft  stack  10240

    • Load the New Kernel Parameters

      /sbin/sysctl -p
  10. Unzip, Set oracle as Owner and Relocate database

    cd </path/2>
    chown -R oracle:oinstall database
    mv database /tmp

  11. Add Paths to oracle’s .bashrc

    Login as Oracle

    su oracle

    Edit .bashrc file

    nano ~/.bashrc


    # Oracle Settings
    TMP=/tmp; export TMP
    TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR
    ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
    ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1; export ORACLE_HOME
    PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH; export PATH
    PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH
    LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib:/usr/lib64; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH

    Replace [HOSTNAME] with IP and [DBSID] with SID Name

    In this Example Respectively:

    • HOSTNAME =

    • DBSID = SID

    Load New .bashrc Settings

  12. Install the Oracle 11g Software

    cd /tmp/database
    chmod -R +x /tmp/database

    If you Get: “Check if the DISPLAY variable is set. Failed”. Look Link Below.

    Link2+ Oracle 11g Database Troubleshooting

    Linux Start Oracle 11g R2 Installation

    On the first screen Just Leave eMail Blank and Un-Check the Demand of Security Update Support then Click on Next

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 1 - Disabling Security Updates

    Then Confirm on Warning and Follow.
    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation - Confirm on Missing eMail Warning

    On “Select Installation Option” Select “Install database software only” and Click on Next

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 2 .

    On Step 3 Leave Default “Single instance database installation” and Click on Next

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 3 .

    On Step 4 Select your Language and Click on Next

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 4 .

    On Step 5 Leave Default Enterprise Edition and Click on Next

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 5

    On “Installation Location” Set All As Here Below and Click on Next

    • Oracle Base: /u01/app/oracle

    • Software Location: /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1

    These are the Same Settings Inserted into the .bashrc File…

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 6

    On “Create Inventory” if you Setup the Path on .bashrc Like Here Leave Default and Click on Next

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 7 .

    On “Operating System Groups” if you Setup the Path on .bashrc Like Here Leave Default and Click on Next

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 8 .

    On “Prerequisite Checks” you will Get Easily a “Warning Message” about some Missing Requirements

    Just Check: “Ignore All” and Follow Up with Installation…

    Check Ignore All and Follow…

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Ubuntu-like Ignore All

    On the “Summary” Click on “Save Response File” to Take Note of Settings and then Click on Finish

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 10 .

    The Installation Product Procedure should Start…

  13. Solving Errors in invoking target ‘agent nmhs’

    Troubleshooting for Libraries Linking Errors

    Oracle 11g Ubuntu-like Installation Error in Invoking Target Agent nmhs of makefile

  14. Execute Scripts

    Right Before the End of Process a Pop-Up Window will Show the Path to Two Configuration Scripts you Need to Execute on Terminal!

    Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 11

    Next Oracle Should Confirm you of the Successful Installation Achivement.) Linux Oracle 11g R2 Installation Step 12 .

  15. How to Create and Run an Oracle 11g Listener

    Oracle 11g DB Listener Guide
  16. Linux Penguin Oracle 11g

  17. How to Create an Oracle 11g Database Instance

    Oracle 11g Database Guide
After you Should Access the “Enterprise Manager” on Browser by the URL shown on the Latest Screen.
On a Localhost for Example you Should Access the Enterprise Manager by the Address:

And you can Login with:
Username: SYS

Password: oracleDatabasePassword

From the Drop-down below Select >> Connect as SYSDBA

You Should be able to Access the Database by the Enterprise Manager!

How Managing, Start & Stop Oracle 11g R2 Database by SQLPlus Commands

How to Getting-Started with SQLPlus for Oracle 11g DB

SQLPlus Oracle 11g Quick Start

Oracle 11g Database Troubleshooting Guides

Enjoy this “Step by Step” Clear Installation and Getting Started…
Good Luck! :)

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