Setup Self CA and Signed Certificate on Linux Mint 16 Petra
The Tutorial Shows You Step-by-Step How-to Getting-Started with Your Own Self SSL Certification Authority and Signed Certificate on Linux Mint 16 Petra Desktop.
Using certificates signed by your own CA, allows the various services using the certificates to easily trust other services using certificates issued from the same CA.
Open a Command Line Terminal Window
(Press “Enter” to Execute Commands)
Create the Directories to Hold CA Files
If Got “User is Not in Sudoers file” then Look: Solution
Set the First Certificate Serial Number
echo '01' > /etc/ssl/CA/serial
That because Each Certificate need to have a Unique Serial Number.
Create File to Record Issued Certificates
Edit the CA Configuration File
In [CA_default] Section Change:
dir = /etc/ssl/ # Where everything is kept database = $dir/CA/index.txt # database index file. certificate = $dir/certs/cacert.pem # The CA certificate serial = $dir/CA/serial # The current serial number private_key = $dir/private/cakey.pem# The private key
Create a Self-Signed Root Certificate
openssl req -new -x509 -extensions v3_ca -keyout cakey.pem -out cacert.pem -days 3650
Install Self-Signed Root Certificate and Key
sudo su -c "mv ./cakey.pem /etc/ssl/private/"
sudo su -c "mv ./cacert.pem /etc/ssl/certs/"
How-to Generate a Certificate Signing Request on Linux MintCreate a CSR on Linux Mint
With the CSR Generate the Certificate Signed by Your Own CA
sudo openssl ca -in server.csr -config /etc/ssl/openssl.cnf
You will be Prompted to Enter a Pass, Sign the Certificate and finally to Commint the New Certificate.
The Certificates will be Named as 01.pen, 02.pem, 03.pem, etc.
Create the New Certificate for Your Domain
Get the Certificate Content
Copy the Enter Section between: -----BEGIN CERTIFICATE----- and continuing through the line: ----END CERTIFICATE-----
Create the Certificate for Your DomainExample:
Replace "example.com" with the Hostname of the server where the certificate will be installed.
Paste In the Section Copied from the Above Command.
Install the New Certificate for Your Domain
If Got "User is Not in Sudoers file" then Look: Solution
sudo cp example.com.crt /etc/ssl/certs
/etc/ssl/certs is the Default Location to Install Certificates.
or applications that can be configured to use a CA certificate, you should also copy the /etc/ssl/certs/cacert.pem file to the /etc/ssl/certs/ directory on each server.
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