Linux Command Line Console Terminal Quick-Start for Debian 7 Wheezy Easy Guide

October 17th, 2014 by thelinuxevangelist

Getting-Started with Command Line on Debian Linux



The Linux Tutorial Shows You How-to Quick-Start with the Command Line Console Terminal for Debian 7 Wheezy Linux.

This is Just a ‘Quick and Dirty’ Introductions to the Command Line Basic Instructions on Linux Command Line Console Terminal.

The Tutorial is Step-by-Step and You Can Just Getting-Started Following and Executing each Command without any Harm for Your System :)

After all is Always the ‘Practice that Makes the Master‘ so Do Not try to Getting-Started too Hard but Just ‘Take it Easy!‘ ;)

The Commands are Intended for Execution the Default Bash Linux Shell but Most should Works also for the Bourne, C, TC and Korn Shells…

Debian Linux Command Line Console Terminal Quick-Start - Featured
  1. First Open a Command Line Terminal Console Window
    Cmd/Win & Search for “term”
    (Press “Enter” to Execute Commands)

    Gnome:
    Linux Command Line Console Terminal Quick-Start for Debian - Debian Gnome3 Open Terminal
    KDE:
    Debian 7 Wheezy Command Line Quick-Start - Debian KDE Open Terminal
    Lxde:
    Getting-Started with Command Line Console on Debian Wheezy 7 - Debian Lxde Open Terminal
    Xfce:
    Getting-Started Command Line Terminal for Debian Linux 7 Wheezy - Debian Xfce Open Terminal

    Or Login into Server Shell…

  2. To List a Directory Content (Directories and Files included)

    ls [/path]

    For Example to List the Content of the Root Directory:

    ls /

    Or to List the Content of the Home Directory:

    ls $HOME
  3. To Change Directory

    cd [/path]

    For Example to Go into the Home Directory:

    cd $HOME
  4. To Create Directories and Files

    To Create a Directory do:

    mkdir [/path]/myDirectory

    For Instance:

    mkdir $HOME/test

    To Create a Blank File do:

    touch [/path]/myFile

    For Instance:

    touch $HOME/test/test
  5. To Copy Directories and Files

    To Copy a Single File:

    cp [/path]/myFile1 [/path]/toTargetDirectory/myEventualNewFileName

    (After a ‘\’ to Press ‘Enter’ the Command is Not Executed but instead only a ‘Carriage Return’ Like in a Typewriter)
    To Copy Multiple Files:

    cp [/path]/myFile1 ... [/path]/myFileN \
    [/path]/toTargetDirectory/

    For Instance to Copy a Single File:

    cp $HOME/test/test $HOME/test/hello 

    To Copy a Single Directory:

    cp -r [/path]/myDirectory1 [/path]/toTargetDirectory/myEventualDirectoryName

    To Copy Multiple Directories:

    cp -r [/path]/myDirectory1 ... [/path]/myDirectoryN \
    [/path]/toTargetDirectory/

    Now for Instance to Copy a Single Directory do:

    cp -r $HOME/test $HOME/hello
  6. To Move Directories and Files

    Moving a Single File:

    mv [/path]/myFile1 [/path]/toTargetDirectory/myEventualNewFileName

    To Move Multiple Files:

    mv [/path]/myFile1 ... [/path]/myFileN \
    [/path]/toTargetDirectory/

    The Same Command is Valid Also for Directories!

    Now for Instance to Move a Single File do:

    mv $HOME/test/test $HOME/hello/hello
  7. To Delete Directories and Files

    To Delete a File do:

    rm [/path]/myFile

    For Instance:

    rm $HOME/test/test

    Removing a Directory do:

    rm -rf [/path]/myDirectory

    For Instance:

    rm -rf $HOME/test
  8. Last How-to Get the Admin Super-Powers

    To Login as SuperUser:

    su 

    If Got “User is Not in Sudoers file” then Look: Solution

    To Logout from SuperUser:

    exit

    (To Protect Your System from the possible Damages of an Hazardous ‘Crazy’ Command Execution the Logout ‘Should’ be Executed Every Time a Conscious and Meaningful Series of Commands has been Achieved… )
    To Execute a Command as SuperUser:

    su -c 'myCommand'

    Or:

    sudo myCommand
  9. How-to Set Permissions on Debian File System:

    Debian Permissions Quick-Start
  10. Here is achieved the ‘Quick&Dirty’ Initiation to the Debian Linux Command Line Sphere :)
    I’ll be Back Very Soon to Show the Basics of the Apt Software Packages and Repository Administration Commands!

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