How to Install Linux Gentoo 12.1 64-bit KDE4 Desktop From LiveDVD to Hard-Drive Easy Visual-Guide

November 12, 2012 | By Regaz.

The Guide shows you How to Install the Easy-Way for Linux Gentoo 2012.1 Amd64 KDE4 Desktop to Hard-Drive from the LiveDVD Hybrid x86-amd64 Release.

And this Visual Guide includes the Basic Screenshots of All GUI Steps involved.

The content and details are expressly reduced to give Focus only to the Essentials Instructions and Commands and Make the Tut Easier to Understand ;)

How to Install Linux Gentoo 12.1 64-bit KDE4 Desktop from LiveDVD to Hard-Drive Easy Visual-Guide
  1. Download Gentoo 12.1 x86-amd64:

    Gentoo 12.1 Hybrid Release
  2. Boot from Gentoo 12.1 Hybrid LiveDVD

  3. Disk Partitioning.

    sudo su

    If Got “User is Not in Sudoers file” then see: How to Enable sudo

    parted /dev/sda


    mklabel msdos

    Making an extf2 /boot Partition of 256mb

    mkpart primary ext2 0 256mb

    When Prompted About Partition Allignment Just Answer ‘i’ for Ignore.

    Creating a Swap Partition of 1Gb

    mkpart primary linux-swap 256mb 1276mb

    Making an ext3 Root Partition the Rest of Disk

    mkpart primary ext3 1276mb -1s

    Then Quit parted:

  4. Applying File Systems to Partitions

    Apply the extf2 File System to /boot Partition.

    mkfs.ext2 /dev/sda1

    Create and Activate the Swap.

    mkswap /dev/sda2
    swapon /dev/sda2

    Apply the extf3 File System to /Root Partition.

    mkfs.ext3 /dev/sda3

    After the Partitions are Rightly Initialized and Housing a File System :)

  5. Mounting Base Partitions

    mount /dev/sda3 /mnt/gentoo
    mkdir /mnt/gentoo/boot
    mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/gentoo/boot
  6. Copy LiveDVD to Hard-Drive

    eval `grep '^ROOT_' /usr/share/genkernel/defaults/initrd.defaults`
    cd /
    cp -avx /$ROOT_LINKS /mnt/gentoo

    If you Get a Warning About emule Missing Just Ignore and Follow to Next Step :)

    cp -avx /$ROOT_TREES /mnt/gentoo
    cp /etc/passwd /etc/group /mnt/gentoo/etc
  7. Mounting File Systems and Entering the New Environment

  8. mkdir /mnt/gentoo/proc /mnt/gentoo/dev
    cd /mnt/gentoo/dev
    mknod -m 660 console c 5 1
    mknod -m 660 null c 1 3
    mount -t proc none /mnt/gentoo/proc
    mount -o bind /dev /mnt/gentoo/dev
    mkdir /mnt/gentoo/sys

    Now is Time to Entering the New Environment :)

    chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash

    If for some Reason you Need to Come Back to the Original Environement Execute ‘exit’ or Type ‘Ctrl-d’

    Updating you New-Environment.

    env-update && source /etc/profile

    Latest Remove the autoconfig from default boot to Keep Password Setting over Reboot.

    rc-update del autoconfig default
  9. Configuring the fstab File

    nano -w /etc/fstab

    Now if you Replicated the Partitioning Details you will Need to Insert:

    /dev/sda1  /boot    ext2  defaults,noatime   1 2 
    /dev/sda2  none     swap  sw          0 0 
    /dev/sda3  /      ext3  noatime       0 1 
    /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom  auto  noauto,user     0 0 
    proc    /proc    proc  defaults       0 0 
    shm     /dev/shm   tmpfs  nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0 
  10. Copy Kernel and Initramfs into /boot Partition

    mkdir -p /mnt/cdrom/

    Mount the LiveDVD into /mnt/cdrom.

    mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom/

    Copying the Kernel.

    cp /mnt/cdrom/boot/gentoo64 /boot/kernel64

    Copying the Initramfs.

    cp /mnt/cdrom/boot/gentoo64.igz /boot/initramfs64
  11. Configuring and Installing GRUB

    Make the grub Configuration File.

    nano -w /boot/grub/grub.conf


    default 0 
    timeout 31 
    title Gentoo Linux Amd64     
    root (hd0,0) 
    kernel /boot/kernel64 real_root=/dev/sda3 
    initrd /boot/initramfs64 

    Grub Set-Up.

    grub> root (hd0,0)
    grub> setup (hd0)
    grub> quit
  12. Latest to Prevent Linux Gentoo Booting Issues Apply:

    Linux Gentoo Article-Installation Activation
  13. Finally, you Can Boot Into Linux Gentoo 12.1 KDE4 Desktop :)

Linux Gentoo 2012 KDE 4 Desktop

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