How to Install Linux Gentoo 12.1 x86 KDE4 Desktop from LiveDVD to Hard-Drive Easy Visual-Guide

November 12, 2012 | By Regaz | Filed in: Uncategorized.

The Guide shows you How to Install the Easy-Way for Linux Gentoo 2012.1 x86 KDE4 Desktop to Hard-Drive from the LiveDVD Hybrid x86-amd64 Release.

And this Visual Guide includes the Basic Screenshots of All GUI Steps involved.

The content and details are expressly reduced to give Focus only to the Essentials Instructions and Commands and Make the Tut Easier to Understand ;)

gnomePenguin Gentoo
  1. Download Gentoo 12.1 x86-amd64:

    Gentoo 12.1 Hybrid Release
  2. Boot from Gentoo 12.1 Hybrid LiveDVD

  3. Open Terminal Window
    (Press “Enter” to Execute Commands)

    Linux Gentoo KDE4 Open Terminal
  4. Disk Partitioning.

    sudo su

    If Got “User is Not in Sudoers file” then see: How to Enable sudo

    parted /dev/sda

    (parted)

    mklabel msdos

    Making an extf2 /boot Partition of 256mb
    (parted)

    mkpart primary ext2 0 256mb

    Creating a Swap Partition of 1Gb
    (parted)

    mkpart primary linux-swap 256mb 1276mb

    Making an ext3 Root Partition the Rest of Disk
    (parted)

    mkpart primary ext3 1276mb -1s

    When Prompted About Partition Allignment Just Answer ‘i’ for Ignore.

  5. Disk Partitioning

    sudo parted /dev/sda

    (parted)

    mklabel msdos

    Making an extf2 /boot Partition of 256mb
    (parted)

    mkpart primary ext2 0 256mb

    Creating a Swap Partition of 1Gb
    (parted)

    mkpart primary linux-swap 256mb 1276mb

    Making an ext3 Root Partition the Rest of Disk
    (parted)

    mkpart primary ext3 1276mb -1s

    When Prompted About Partition Allignment Just Answer ‘i’ for Ignore.

  6. Mounting Base Partitions

    mount /dev/sda3 /mnt/gentoo
    mkdir /mnt/gentoo/boot
    mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/gentoo/boot
  7. Copy LiveDVD to Hard-Drive

    eval `grep '^ROOT_' /usr/share/genkernel/defaults/initrd.defaults`
    cd /
    cp -avx /$ROOT_LINKS /mnt/gentoo

    If you Get a Warning About emule Missing Just Ignore and Follow to Next Step :)

    cp -avx /$ROOT_TREES /mnt/gentoo
    cp /etc/passwd /etc/group /mnt/gentoo/etc
  8. Mounting File Systems and Entering the New Environment

  9. mkdir /mnt/gentoo/proc /mnt/gentoo/dev
    cd /mnt/gentoo/dev
    mknod -m 660 console c 5 1
    mknod -m 660 null c 1 3
    mount -t proc none /mnt/gentoo/proc
    mount -o bind /dev /mnt/gentoo/dev
    mkdir /mnt/gentoo/sys

    Now is Time to Entering the New Environment :)

    chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash

    If for some Reason you Need to Come Back to the Original Environement Execute ‘exit’ or Type ‘Ctrl-d’

    Updating you New-Environment.

    env-update && source /etc/profile

    Latest Remove the autoconfig from default boot to Keep Password Setting over Reboot.

    rc-update del autoconfig default
  10. Configuring the fstab File

    nano -w /etc/fstab

    Now if you Replicated the Partitioning Details you will Need to Insert:


    /dev/sda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
    /dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
    /dev/sda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
    /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
    proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
    shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
  11. Copy Kernel and Initramfs into /boot Partition

    mkdir -p /mnt/cdrom/

    Mount the LiveDVD into /mnt/cdrom.

    mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom/

    Copying the Kernel.

    cp /mnt/cdrom/boot/gentoo /boot/kernel

    Copying the Initramfs.

    cp /mnt/cdrom/boot/gentoo.igz /boot/initramfs
  12. Configuring and Installing GRUB

    Make the grub Configuration File.

    nano -w /boot/grub/grub.conf

    Insert.


    default 0
    timeout 31
    title Gentoo Linux x86
    root (hd0,0)
    kernel /boot/kernel real_root=/dev/sda3
    initrd /boot/initramfs

    Grub Set-Up.

    grub
    grub> root (hd0,0)
    grub> setup (hd0)
    grub> quit
  13. Latest to Prevent Linux Gentoo Booting Issues Apply:

    Linux Gentoo Article-Installation Activation
  14. Finally, You Can Boot Into Linux Gentoo 12.1 KDE4 Desktop :)

Linux Gentoo 2012 KDE 4 Desktop

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