How to Set-Change Ownership on Files and Directories by the Command Line on Debian 7 Wheezy Linux

October 17, 2014 | By the+gnu+linux+evangelist | Filed in: Tutorial.

Debian Linux Setting Ownership on File System

The Tutorial shows you Step-by-step How to Setup or Change the Ownership over Files and Directories on Debian 7 Wheezy Linux.

The Ownership Decide How is the Owner of Files and Directories on the Debian Linux File System.

To Set the Ownership Over Files and Directories is the First, Step in Setting Up Permissions and so Establish a Control and Security over the System.

To Follow the Tutorial You will Need to have a Little Practice to Work on the Debian Linux Console Terminal Command Line.

Step by step Debian Quick Start Easy Guide
  1. First, Open a Command Line Terminal Console Window
    Cmd/Win & Search for “term”
    (Press “Enter” to Execute Commands)

    Linux Command Line Console Terminal Quick Start for Debian - Open Terminal
    Debian 7 Wheezy Command Line Quick Start - Debian KDE Open Terminal
    Getting-Started with Command Line Console on Debian Wheezy 7 - Debian Lxde Open Terminal
    Getting-Started Command Line Terminal for Debian 7 Wheezy - Debian Xfce Open Terminal

    Or Login into Server Shell Shell…

  2. How to Quick Start with Command Line on Debian

    GNU/Linux Console Quick Start
  3. Who Can Set/Change the Ownership?.

    Only the Administrators or a Super-User Can Change a File/Directory Ownership!

  4. How to Set/Change the Ownership?.

    • To Set/Change Ownership Over a Single File/Directory:

      su -c "chown [myUser]:[myGroup] [myEntity]"

      Where [myUser] is your’s user Name & [myGroup] is your’s user Primary Group.

      How to Look Up Username & Group on Terminal

      Find Username & Group

      For Instance:

      mkdir -p $HOME/hello/world

      Now to Give the ‘world’ Directory to the ‘root’ User do:

      su -c "chown root:root $HOME/hello/world"

      Checking Ownership:

      ls -l $HOME/hello
    • To Set/Change Permissions Recursively Over a Directory and it’s Content (Subdirectories and Files):

      su -c "chown -R [myUser]:[myGroup] [myEntity]"

      For Instance:

      su -c "touch $HOME/hello/world/happy"

      Checking Ownership:

      ls -l $HOME/hello && ls -l $HOME/hello/world

      Now to Get Back the ‘world’ Directory with the ‘happy’ File:)

      su -c "chown -R [myUser]:[myGroup] $HOME/hello/world"

      Check again Ownership like Above…

  5. How to Set Permissions on Debian File System

    Debian Permissions Quick Start

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