Debian Linux Setting Ownership on File System
The Linux Tutorial Shows You Step-by-step How to Setup or Change the Ownership over Files and Directories on Debian 7 Wheezy Linux.
The Ownership Decide How is the Owner of Files and Directories on the Debian Linux File System.
To Set the Ownership Over Files and Directories is the First, Step in Setting Up Permissions and so Establish a Control and Security over the System.
To Follow the Tutorial You will Need to have a Little Practice to Work on the Debian Linux Console Terminal Command Line.
First, Open a Command Line Terminal Console Window
Cmd/Win & Search for “term”
(Press “Enter” to Execute Commands)Gnome:
Or Login into Server Shell…
Who Can Set/Change the Ownership?.
Only the Administrators or a Super-User Can Change a File/Directory Ownership!
How to Set/Change the Ownership?.
To Set/Change Ownership Over a Single File/Directory:
su -c "chown [myUser]:[myGroup] [myEntity]"
Where [myUser] is your’s user Name & [myGroup] is your’s user Primary Group.
How to Look Up User Name & Group on TerminalFind User Name & Group
mkdir -p $HOME/hello/world
Now to Give the ‘world’ Directory to the ‘root’ User do:
su -c "chown root:root $HOME/hello/world"
ls -l $HOME/hello
To Set/Change Permissions Recursively Over a Directory and it’s Content (Subdirectories and Files):
su -c "chown -R [myUser]:[myGroup] [myEntity]"
su -c "touch $HOME/hello/world/happy"
ls -l $HOME/hello && ls -l $HOME/hello/world
Now to Get Back the ‘world’ Directory with the ‘happy’ File:)
su -c "chown -R [myUser]:[myGroup] $HOME/hello/world"
Check again Ownership like Above…
How to Set Permissions on Debian File SystemDebian Permissions Quick Start
How to Quick Start with Command Line on Debian
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